Any water that stands near your house is just looking for a way to enter your foundation, which can lead to serious problems. Improve drainage around your home by installing drainage tiles. The project involves a lot of digging, but the results are well worth it.
Try to keep the water on your property so it benefits trees and shrubs. Mark the location where you want to install tile with a series of stakes.
Contact the local utilities so they can mark where buried lines are on your property. If there are utility lines buried under where you plan to add drainage tile, change your tile layout accordingly.
Dig a trench from the source of the water downhill to where you want the pipe to drain, using a shovel. Make the trench wide enough to accommodate the pipe you are using. Dig it deep enough to handle the pipe plus 3 inches of gravel below the pipe and topsoil to cover it. Use a chisel-point bar to pry out any rocks you encounter. Move most of the soil to another location with a wheelbarrow.
Fill the trench with 3 inches of gravel. Set the tile on the gravel. If you are using perforated tile, place the perforations facing downward. Perforated pipe allows water to drain out as it flows along the pipe. Nonperforated tile keeps water in the pipe until it reaches a receptacle, such as a dry well. Slide a tile sock over the tile if you want to prevent silt from filling in openings on the tile. Slide the male tile connectors inside the female openings on the end of the tiles to fasten the pieces together.
Check that the tile has enough slope using a carpenter’s level. Ideally, the tile should have at least an 1/8-inch drop per foot or 1/2 inch every 4 feet. Add or remove gravel as necessary to maintain the desired drop.
Dig a hole at the end of the tile system to hold a dry well. The well accumulates water runoff and allows it to percolate into the surrounding soil at a slow rate. Place 3 inches of gravel in the bottom of the hole.
Use the scored lines on the side of the dry well to cut an opening in it with a utility knife. Assemble the sides of the dry well following manufacturer’s directions. Wrap silt-blocking landscape fabric around the outside of the well. Tuck the fabric into the top as you attach the well’s lid with screws from the assembly kit.
Slide the well into the hole. Connect the end of the drainage tile to the well. Cover the tile and the well with soil. Tamp the soil in place with a hand tamp.
Instead of “dry well” “daylight” it out. Leave open so water can just run out to swail in yard.
The above instructions are not recommended by or recognized as the proper way to install drain tile on your property by Ivie League Homes and Properties, LLC or any of its affiliates. They are strictly for informational purposes only.